Where Africa stands on development rankings
DEVELOPMENTBy BiztechAfrica - April 20, 2012, 6:11 p.m.
The world’s internet user population has grown to 30.2 users per 100 people, and the total mobile subscriber base has topped 5.382 billion.
However, in Africa, there are 20.9 internet users per 100 in MENA and only 11 per 100 people in sub-Saharan Africa. Mobile subscriptions in sub-Saharan Africa totaled 383 million in 2010.
This is according to the 2012 edition of World Development Indicators (WDI), released today.
The database includes updated data on global development, the quality of people's lives, the environment, the economy, the functioning of states and markets, and global links - how actions in one part of the world affect people elsewhere.
Alongside the WDI and the latest update to the on-line WDI database, major improvements to the data access, analysis and visualisation tools are also now available.
These make it easier than ever to use and analyze the full range of datasets available in the Bank’s data catalog (http://data.worldbank.org) – all freely available as part of the Open Data Initiative launched two years ago.
Mobile and fixed-line subscriber numbers for sub-Saharan Africa are dated only until 2009, where the data indicates that the highest subscriber numbers per 100 population were in Seychelles (131), Mauritius (114.9) South Africa (102.9), Botswana (101.9) and Algeria (101). The lowest penetration was in Somalia, at 8.1 lines per 100, Ethiopia (6.1) and Eritrea (3.7).
The data indicates that Africa is urbanising rapidly. In 2010, only 37% of sub-Saharan Africa’s population lived in urban areas, but between 1990 and 2010 the urban growth rate of 4% per year was the highest among developing regions.
Among the data indicators are research and development expenditure as % of GDP. In Euro areas, the average is 2.09% and among OECD nations, it is 2.45%. In sub-Saharan Africa, the average is 0.58%. High technology exports as a % of exports stand at 29% in East Asia & Pacific, 16% among OECD members and 3% both in MENA and in sub-Saharan Africa.
The World Bank’s newly-released World Development Indicators data shows the number of people living in poverty in sub-Saharan Africa has started to decline, from 60% in 1993 to 48% in 2008.
However, the number of people living on less than USD2 a day is rising. 16 of the 33 nations categorized by the World Bank as “fragile situations” are in sub-Saharan Africa. Around 1.5 billion people live in areas affected by fragility, conflict or large-scale organized criminal violence. Sub-Saharan Africa also has the world’s fastest-growing population rate.
While world population has grown by 1.2% per year between 2000 and 2010, developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa have averaged population growth of 2.5% per year. While world mortality rates are dropping (from 98 per 1000 live births in developing countries to 63 per 1000 in 2010), sub-Saharan Africa still suffers the death of one in 8 children before his or her fifth birthday.
For a global review of development progress, see the introduction to the World View section of World Development Indicators 2012.
MORE DEVELOPMENT NEWS
China donates $800,000 in solar street lights to KCCAThe Chinese government has officially handed over solar street lamps to Uganda’s KCCA at a ceremony at the Kampala Serena Hotel. Read More
Samsung volunteers build homes in MalawiA team of 28 Samsung volunteers rolled up their sleeves to construct three homes, a computer lab and a solar-powered cinema for the village in the area of Traditional Authority Tsabango in Lilongwe District, Malawi. Read More
Schneider Electric backs winning solar projectsThe “Rhome for DenCity” and “Phileas” projects sponsored by Schneider Electric have won the 1st and 2nd prizes at the Solar Decathlon Europe 2014. Read More
Chinese Embassy provides ICT Lab for school in Volta RegionThe Chinese Ambassador to Ghana has donated an ICT laboratory to HO Bankoe Philip-Akpo Memorial Junior High School (JHS) in the Volta Region of Ghana. Read More
AfDB strategy focuses on human capital development across AfricaThe Board of Executive Directors of the African Development Bank Group (AfDB) says its new Human Capital Strategy for Africa paves the way for Bank investments in areas such as education, skills development, health, science and technology. Read More
Botswana college signs MoU with SwazilandThe Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Swaziland has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Botswana’s Boitekanelo College to formalise bilateral cooperation. Read More
SAP takes steps to empower millennials at SACLA 2014SAP Africa will today be represented at SACLA (the southern African Computer Lecturers Association) 2014 event, which is being hosted by the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University in South Africa. Read More
Canon SA expands solar projectOver 250 needy residents in the South African communities of Orange Farm, Khatorus and New Jerusalem will soon benefit from the free, unlimited and clean power of the sun to light-up their homes thanks to the CANON Segametsi SOLAR Light Project 2014. Read More
MTN Cameroon wraps up 21 days of Y’ello careThe curtains were drawn on the eighth edition of 21 Days of Y’ello Care last Saturday, with the conviction of all MTN Cameroon staff that their contribution to promote education for all will really change lives. Read More
ITU Telecom World 2014 outlines forward-looking agendaForum discussions at the upcoming ITU Telecom World 2014 event in Doha, Qatar, will delve deep into the driving forces behind the ongoing radical transformation of the ICT industry. Read More
FEATURED STORYWidening ICT skills gap: Cause for concern
Nigeria's FDI gains could be eroded by the widening gap in indigenous skilled ICT manpower, writes Kokumo Goodie.
BEST READ NEWS
IN DEPTHKenya rolls out e-extension to improve agriculture
In a bid to curb the overwhelmed number of agricultural extension officers in Kenya, the ministry of agriculture is embracing technology with their introduction of E-Extension services, which are aimed at reaching out to over 7 million farmers annually.