New report highlights Africa's star performers
BUSINESS| June 13, 2011, 2:04 p.m.
‘ Progress in African development happens best when it is led by African states and citizens’ is the message from a new global research project released by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
The ODI’ s new Mapping Progress report identifies the crucial role of effective leadership, smart policies, proper institutional foundations and international partnerships in driving development and calls for a new outlook on development. The report highlights star performers, surprise performers and potential performers across the continent for their progress in various areas including growth, agriculture, healthcare, education and sanitation.
ODI Director Alison Evans said: “ Looking across all of these tremendous examples we can see that the most transformative and sustainable developments have occurred when the commitment to change has come from African countries and communities.
“ This has happened in a number of ways – from the quality of political and technical leadership, to the quality and quantity of financing to specific innovations in delivery.
“ The world’ s perception of Africa needs to change and we hope that this report will show a continent making great strides towards a brighter future.”
The drivers of development
Smart leadership – Transformation in Ghana, Rwanda and Brazil would not have happened without Presidents Rawlings, Kagame and Lula.
Smart policies – Progress has involved a changing role for government away from controlling (markets and prices) to facilitating and enabling (investment and production), and, in the best cases empowering citizens. Policies have been built on clear vision or national strategy and have been evidence based.
Smart institutions – In many countries, progress has been achieved through governance reforms that have decentralised and strengthened local institutions. Reforms have not only led to improved service delivery but also enabled more effective revenue collection and management of public finances.
Smart friends – Effective international partnerships can be important catalysts for progress. These partnerships can take various forms beyond aid, including the transfer of knowledge and technology, international trading relations and diplomatic interventions.
Development Progress Stories include:
Ghana (Star performer)
Government-led reforms of the domestic cocoa market have driven a tremendous record of agricultural growth – averaging over 5% for the last 25 years. Ghana is on track to meet Millennium Development Goal 1 – halving rates of poverty and malnutrition by 2015. Having raised food production per capita by more than 80% since the early 1980s, Ghana is largely self-sufficient in staple foods.
Star performers, such as Ghana, have shown sustained progress for more than two decades. By diversifying products and services they have added considerable value to national performance. Star countries display a more mature level of development and are now beginning to face challenges more common to developed countries such as environmental degradation, aging populations and non-communicable diseases. Other Star perfomers include Bhutan, Thailand, Brazil and Uganda.
Ethiopia (Surprise performer)
Since emerging from civil war in 1991, Ethiopia has significantly improved access to education for its population. Primary school enrolment rates have risen by more than 13 million since 2005. A sustained Government commitment matched by increased spending, allowing the removal of school fees, has triggered this astonishing rise. Other surprise performers are Rwanda, Cambodia, Laos and Somaliland.
Surprise performers such as Ethiopia have delivered progress against the odds, often recovering from crisis and war or dealing with ongoing conflict, challenging political situations and highly inaccessible topography. The surprise elements of progress in these countries often lie in the speed of recovery, sometimes allowing them to eclipse previous levels of development.
Malawi (Potential performer)
Malawi has the potential to deliver significant progress towards its development over the next decade according to a newly published global research project.
The country’ s recent progress in providing economic stability has begun to have a positive effect on development indicators, placing Malawi in the top 20 performers on several of the Millennium Development Goals. Growth of over 7% per year for most of the last decade and a steady fall in rates of inflation suggest a bright future for the country. Potential performers such as Malawi have shown recent examples of progress, often achieved over a short period of time.
Progress may be limited to individual sectors or regions. Whilst these countries have already produced impressive results they now need to sustain them into the future. Other potential performers include Benin, Malawi and Burkina Faso.
MORE BUSINESS NEWS
Liquid Telecom, RBH to acquire NeotelLiquid Telecom, a privately owned pan-African telecoms group majority owned by Econet Global, has entered into an agreement to acquire South African communications network operator Neotel. Read More
MTN Nigeria gets indigenous Chief Financial OfficerMTN Nigeria has announced the appointment of Adekunle Awobodu as its new Chief Financial Officer (CFO). Read More
Networks Unlimited partners with RubrikNetworks Unlimited has been named as sole distributor of Rubrik converged data management solutions in Africa. Read More
Payroll fraud: a serious threat to your business’s sustainabilityPayroll is one of the largest expenses for Small & Medium Businesses and larger enterprises in West Africa, yet many organisations are neglecting the importance of managing the risk of fraud in this area of the business. Read More
Nigeria goes live with Bsystems Collateral Registry SystemNigeria has become the fourth country to roll onto the Collateral Registry System developed by Ghanaian technology solution firm Bsystems. Read More
Arbitration to support justice, says GlobacomGlobacom Nigeria says its support of the International Chamber of Commerce, (ICC) Africa Regional Arbitration Conference in Lagos is a demonstration of its belief that arbitration would further enhance the cause of justice in the country. Read More
Dimension Data names new group CEODimension Data has announced the appointment of Jason Goodall as Group Chief Executive Officer, as Brett Dawson, current CEO, steps down after 12 years. Read More
Solar developer Phanes Group opens African head office in SAInternational solar energy developer, investment manager and asset manager Phanes Group has launched an office in Johannesburg, South Africa – its first African office. Read More
We’re insulated from Nigeria’s forex problem, says IHSIHS Towers says it has not been hard hit by ongoing foreign exchange (forex) squeeze in Nigeria because it is a foreign direct investment (FDI) vehicle into the country. Read More
8 Lessons for entrepreneurs who want to conquer the worldSage Foundation Chairman Ivan Epstein outlines his top advice for entrepreneurs. Read More
FEATURED STORYGovernment should encourage youths in ICT early
Youths should be given more encouragement to develop their ICT skills, an 11-year-old app developer told Kokumo Goodie.
BEST READ NEWS
IN DEPTHIBM Opens First Cloud Data Centre in South Africa
IBM is opening a new IBM Cloud Data Centre in Johannesburg, South Africa. The new cloud center is the result of a close collaboration with Gijima and Vodacom and is designed to support cloud adoption and customer demand across the continent.
COMPANY NEWSTigo, JI and GES equip teachers on child online protection initiative
Tigo, in partnership with J Initiative (JI), a youth focused non-governmental organisation in Ghana, have committed to protecting children online through policy advocacy, awareness creation, public education ...Ericsson and King’s College London demonstrate 5G tactile robotic surgery
Ericsson and King’s College London will be demonstrating a 5G use case of tactile robotic surgery at 5G World 2016 in London on 29-30 June.Tigo Business – Building trusted business partner relationships with clients
Tigo Business has increased and empowered its account management team to improve its overall customer service experience.