New report highlights Africa's star performers
BUSINESS| June 13, 2011, 2:04 p.m.
‘ Progress in African development happens best when it is led by African states and citizens’ is the message from a new global research project released by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
The ODI’ s new Mapping Progress report identifies the crucial role of effective leadership, smart policies, proper institutional foundations and international partnerships in driving development and calls for a new outlook on development. The report highlights star performers, surprise performers and potential performers across the continent for their progress in various areas including growth, agriculture, healthcare, education and sanitation.
ODI Director Alison Evans said: “ Looking across all of these tremendous examples we can see that the most transformative and sustainable developments have occurred when the commitment to change has come from African countries and communities.
“ This has happened in a number of ways – from the quality of political and technical leadership, to the quality and quantity of financing to specific innovations in delivery.
“ The world’ s perception of Africa needs to change and we hope that this report will show a continent making great strides towards a brighter future.”
The drivers of development
Smart leadership – Transformation in Ghana, Rwanda and Brazil would not have happened without Presidents Rawlings, Kagame and Lula.
Smart policies – Progress has involved a changing role for government away from controlling (markets and prices) to facilitating and enabling (investment and production), and, in the best cases empowering citizens. Policies have been built on clear vision or national strategy and have been evidence based.
Smart institutions – In many countries, progress has been achieved through governance reforms that have decentralised and strengthened local institutions. Reforms have not only led to improved service delivery but also enabled more effective revenue collection and management of public finances.
Smart friends – Effective international partnerships can be important catalysts for progress. These partnerships can take various forms beyond aid, including the transfer of knowledge and technology, international trading relations and diplomatic interventions.
Development Progress Stories include:
Ghana (Star performer)
Government-led reforms of the domestic cocoa market have driven a tremendous record of agricultural growth – averaging over 5% for the last 25 years. Ghana is on track to meet Millennium Development Goal 1 – halving rates of poverty and malnutrition by 2015. Having raised food production per capita by more than 80% since the early 1980s, Ghana is largely self-sufficient in staple foods.
Star performers, such as Ghana, have shown sustained progress for more than two decades. By diversifying products and services they have added considerable value to national performance. Star countries display a more mature level of development and are now beginning to face challenges more common to developed countries such as environmental degradation, aging populations and non-communicable diseases. Other Star perfomers include Bhutan, Thailand, Brazil and Uganda.
Ethiopia (Surprise performer)
Since emerging from civil war in 1991, Ethiopia has significantly improved access to education for its population. Primary school enrolment rates have risen by more than 13 million since 2005. A sustained Government commitment matched by increased spending, allowing the removal of school fees, has triggered this astonishing rise. Other surprise performers are Rwanda, Cambodia, Laos and Somaliland.
Surprise performers such as Ethiopia have delivered progress against the odds, often recovering from crisis and war or dealing with ongoing conflict, challenging political situations and highly inaccessible topography. The surprise elements of progress in these countries often lie in the speed of recovery, sometimes allowing them to eclipse previous levels of development.
Malawi (Potential performer)
Malawi has the potential to deliver significant progress towards its development over the next decade according to a newly published global research project.
The country’ s recent progress in providing economic stability has begun to have a positive effect on development indicators, placing Malawi in the top 20 performers on several of the Millennium Development Goals. Growth of over 7% per year for most of the last decade and a steady fall in rates of inflation suggest a bright future for the country. Potential performers such as Malawi have shown recent examples of progress, often achieved over a short period of time.
Progress may be limited to individual sectors or regions. Whilst these countries have already produced impressive results they now need to sustain them into the future. Other potential performers include Benin, Malawi and Burkina Faso.
MORE BUSINESS NEWS
The benefit cycle: how ICT and skills will sustain each-other in developing AfricaICTs can develop skills, which in turn can develop the ICT sector, in a ‘benefit cycle’ that can propel Africa into the mainstream knowledge economy. But more effort is needed to get this wheel rolling, says Ayanda Dlamini, Business Development Manager at LGR Telecommunications. Read More
Nigerian carrier frets over naira devaluation, general electionsNational carrier Globacom says it is worried over the devaluation of the naira and the uncertainties hanging in the air about next month’s general elections in the country. Read More
150 entrepreneurs advance to quarter-finals of Digital Change-makers competition150 young Ghanaian entrepreneurs with varied digital solutions to improve the lives of Ghanaians, especially children, have made it to the quarter-finals of the Tigo Digital Change-makers competition. Read More
VMware reports fourth quarter and full year 2014 resultsVMware, the global leader in virtualisation and cloud infrastructure, has announced financial results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2014. Read More
Maroc Telecom completes Moov takeover for 474 million eurosMaroc Telecom said this week that it has completed the takeover of all Moov operations in six African countries to the total value of 474 million euros. Read More
Citrix: SA office workers lose up to 559 hours a year due to lack of flexible work optionsA Citrix study has found 20% of South African office workers work longer hours than contracted; losing up to 559 hours per year. Flexible working hours and the use of technology could improve the situation, it says. Read More
Wananchi Telecom prepares for rapid growth across Africa with global network services from EpsilonLeading East African carrier Wananchi Telecom has partnered with Epsilon to connect African customers to more than 170 countries around the world. Read More
Setback for BTCL IPO as workers cry brokeWith the Privatisation of Botswana Telecommunications Corporation Limited privatisation nearing completion, employees claim they do not have the funds to buy the five percent of shares allocated to them. Read More
Nomanini takes Africa by storm using Google Cloud PlatformNomanini, a Cape Town-based mobile point of sale service that specialises in facilitating cash payments in emerging markets, has successfully scaled into six countries across Africa in just four years, using Google’s Cloud Platform. Read More
Airtel Kenya announces senior management appointmentsAirtel Kenya has appointed Josee Cremieux and Dick Omondi as the new customer service director and corporate affairs director respectively. Read More
FEATURED STORYUCC launches 2015 ACIA awards
Uganda has launched the fifth Annual Communications and Innovation Awards, which celebrate and foster ICT innovation and achievement.
BEST READ NEWS
IN DEPTHKenya’s digital TV battle hots up
Kenya’s journey to Digital TV broadcasting took a new turn this week, when the Communication Authority of Kenya (CAK) accused three local media firms of intent to disrupt the process.
COMPANY NEWSAlbany CTG, Microsoft, collaborate on School of Government Program
The University at Albany’s Center for Technology in Government (CTG) has announced its collaboration with Microsoft Corporation to deliver executive level training to government leaders in Africa ...VMware reports fourth quarter and full year 2014 results
VMware, the global leader in virtualisation and cloud infrastructure, has announced financial results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2014.