New report highlights Africa's star performers
BUSINESS| June 13, 2011, 2:04 p.m.
‘ Progress in African development happens best when it is led by African states and citizens’ is the message from a new global research project released by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
The ODI’ s new Mapping Progress report identifies the crucial role of effective leadership, smart policies, proper institutional foundations and international partnerships in driving development and calls for a new outlook on development. The report highlights star performers, surprise performers and potential performers across the continent for their progress in various areas including growth, agriculture, healthcare, education and sanitation.
ODI Director Alison Evans said: “ Looking across all of these tremendous examples we can see that the most transformative and sustainable developments have occurred when the commitment to change has come from African countries and communities.
“ This has happened in a number of ways – from the quality of political and technical leadership, to the quality and quantity of financing to specific innovations in delivery.
“ The world’ s perception of Africa needs to change and we hope that this report will show a continent making great strides towards a brighter future.”
The drivers of development
Smart leadership – Transformation in Ghana, Rwanda and Brazil would not have happened without Presidents Rawlings, Kagame and Lula.
Smart policies – Progress has involved a changing role for government away from controlling (markets and prices) to facilitating and enabling (investment and production), and, in the best cases empowering citizens. Policies have been built on clear vision or national strategy and have been evidence based.
Smart institutions – In many countries, progress has been achieved through governance reforms that have decentralised and strengthened local institutions. Reforms have not only led to improved service delivery but also enabled more effective revenue collection and management of public finances.
Smart friends – Effective international partnerships can be important catalysts for progress. These partnerships can take various forms beyond aid, including the transfer of knowledge and technology, international trading relations and diplomatic interventions.
Development Progress Stories include:
Ghana (Star performer)
Government-led reforms of the domestic cocoa market have driven a tremendous record of agricultural growth – averaging over 5% for the last 25 years. Ghana is on track to meet Millennium Development Goal 1 – halving rates of poverty and malnutrition by 2015. Having raised food production per capita by more than 80% since the early 1980s, Ghana is largely self-sufficient in staple foods.
Star performers, such as Ghana, have shown sustained progress for more than two decades. By diversifying products and services they have added considerable value to national performance. Star countries display a more mature level of development and are now beginning to face challenges more common to developed countries such as environmental degradation, aging populations and non-communicable diseases. Other Star perfomers include Bhutan, Thailand, Brazil and Uganda.
Ethiopia (Surprise performer)
Since emerging from civil war in 1991, Ethiopia has significantly improved access to education for its population. Primary school enrolment rates have risen by more than 13 million since 2005. A sustained Government commitment matched by increased spending, allowing the removal of school fees, has triggered this astonishing rise. Other surprise performers are Rwanda, Cambodia, Laos and Somaliland.
Surprise performers such as Ethiopia have delivered progress against the odds, often recovering from crisis and war or dealing with ongoing conflict, challenging political situations and highly inaccessible topography. The surprise elements of progress in these countries often lie in the speed of recovery, sometimes allowing them to eclipse previous levels of development.
Malawi (Potential performer)
Malawi has the potential to deliver significant progress towards its development over the next decade according to a newly published global research project.
The country’ s recent progress in providing economic stability has begun to have a positive effect on development indicators, placing Malawi in the top 20 performers on several of the Millennium Development Goals. Growth of over 7% per year for most of the last decade and a steady fall in rates of inflation suggest a bright future for the country. Potential performers such as Malawi have shown recent examples of progress, often achieved over a short period of time.
Progress may be limited to individual sectors or regions. Whilst these countries have already produced impressive results they now need to sustain them into the future. Other potential performers include Benin, Malawi and Burkina Faso.
MORE BUSINESS NEWS
Business incubator to boost 200 Zimbabwean entrepreneurs200 would-be Zimbabwean entrepreneurs are set to benefit from business training and support, thanks to a business development programme to be launched by business incubation specialist KBA Africa. Read More
Union gives Globacom 14 days to reinstate 54 sacked workersThe Private Telecoms & Communications Senior Staff Association of Nigeria (PTECSSAN) has urged Globacom to reinstate the workers it allegedly sacked from its service. Read More
British envoy promises more investors at Rack CentreMr Paul Arkwright, British High Commissioner to Nigeria, has promised to do his utmost to encourage more British companies to do business with their Nigerian Counterparts. Read More
UBA, Mastercard in pan-African partnershipUBA and Mastercard have announced a five year deal across 19 markets focused on driving financial inclusion in Africa. Read More
MTN Business partners with the National Gazelles to boost SMEs marketMTN Business today announced a new drive to help support the growth of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and contribute to creating sustainable entities. Read More
Travelport appoints new Managing Director for AfricaTravelport has announced the appointment of Douglas Jewson as Travelport’s Managing Director for Africa. Read More
Brexit’s impact on AfricaThe short-term implications of Brexit for African economies will be mainly noticeable through market volatility, say Control Risks and NKC African Economics. Read More
Safaricom Blaze to take 2nd youth empowerment summit to ThikaSafaricom will this Friday, 8th July 2016, host the 2nd in a series of youth empowerment summits under its recently launched sub-brand, BLAZE. Read More
Kris Senanu to lead Telkom Kenya Enterprise DivisionTelkom Kenya has announced the appointment of Mr. Kris Senanu as the MD of its Enterprise Division. Read More
FEATURED STORYFirst-ever Africa Barclays Accelerator programme concludes
Ten fintech companies have concluded the first-ever Barclays Accelerator, powered by Techstars in Africa.
BEST READ NEWS
IN DEPTHEthical Hacking students can’t get a heck of a job
Botswana ethical hacking students report that they are failing to break into the local job market.