Malawians to shape new e-laws

GOVERNMENT

|
Image: By BiztechAfrica
Malawians to shape new e-laws

By Gregory Gondwe, Blantyre, Malawi

The government of Malawi is seeking input from individuals and institutions on the recently completed draft of Malawi’s first ever electronic legislation.

The office of President and Cabinet have announced that with the draft in place, Malawi will align its development agenda with a legally supported ICT platform. 

The government seeks to achieve this through the Privatisation Commission, a government unit implementing the ‘Regional Communication Infrastructure Program – Malawi project’ with funding from World Bank.

The government says the main objective of the project is to improve quality, availability, affordability and utilisation of broadband internet in Malawi wherein one of its sub-components is the drafting of an electronic legislation.

With the electronic legislation in place, the government says it expects to create adequate, enabling and favourable environment for information and Communication Technology (ICT) users.

It also hopes to provide legal foundation that will address internet-specific issues and challenges as well as protecting the public from cyber crime.

The legislation will also guide in maintaining a secure space where data and intangible money could be stored, shared and legally and securely transferred.

Government hopes this piece of legislation will address treatment of electronic evidence and develop information society.

The draft legislation has 62 sections that deal with ten major areas, including legal recognition of electronic messages, which does not exist as such in the current legal framework in the country.

Whereas this is a condition to the development of electronic transactions in the country, the draft bill says any written document and any signature should be possibly created and stored in an electronic manner.  

The draft also states that the electronic documents should have the same legal probative force as paper documents.  

The second part of the draft bills looks at proceedings applicable to the conclusion of electronic contracts where it spells out that rules regulating the conclusion of contracts need to be specified and clarified in order to ensure security with respect to electronic transactions.

The third part dwells on the legal responsibility of various actors with respect to the Internet, as it is the case regarding television, radio, or written press, the freedom of speech should be limited by certain principles of public order. 

The bill defines precisely the responsibility of technical service providers and editors of online contents.

The fourth part looks at consumer protection with respect to e-commerce. 

“Online purchase of services or goods requires the adoption of specific provisions in addition to classical consumer rules,” observes this part of the draft bill. 

Consequently, the bills say it provides for specific obligations lying on professionals regarding the display of information and online advertising.

The fifth part of the draft bill is on taxation where the bill details the circumstances under which value added tax and customs fees can apply to e-transactions.

Online financial services are the sixth part that looks at the importance and the specificity of the risks.

The bill looks at these services which it says have driven the government to introduce very strict provisions regulating the online provision of financial and banking services.

The part of Encryption has also been included in the bill to deal with specific provisions ensuring the security of digital economy. 

In this aspect the bills provides for the legal framework regulating encryption in conformity with international best practices.

The eighth part on cyber criminality sets out the principles for combating crimes in the e-environment and establishes a dedicated institution, the Malawi CERT, to fight against cyber threats and attacks.

On data protection, the bill provides for specific provisions in order to regulate online collection of personal information regarding users and imposing systematic information on the purposes of the data processing and the rights of the data subject.

E-Government also falls under the draft legislation, focusing on government's obligation to promote the development of online public services and facilitate the use of ICT in the Republic of Malawi.

The introductory remarks of the E-bill draft observe that development of the information society has originated considerable progresses in the information and communications technologies (ICT) sector.

The bill observes that most significant steps of these changes are networks digitalization, components miniaturization and more recently the development of the Internet and mobile telephones. 

The bill says Malawi is convinced that its predominantly agro-based economy can rapidly grow and diversify through participation in the information society. 

“In order to fully benefit from the information revolution, the Republic of Malawi needs to modernize various sectors of its economy using ICT,” the bill says. 

The main objective of the bill, says the Government, is to allow the country to benefit from a true technological leap which may fasten its economic growth by enabling the development of new economic activities thanks to the implementation of a secure legal framework regulating the use of ICT. 

It observes though that the country’s current legal framework does not provide economic actors and citizens with a secure and reliable legal environment which is however essential to the development of electronic transactions.

“Consequently, the Malawian Government wishes to enact a bill which will enable the development of the information society in the Republic of Malawi within a legal framework,” the draft bill declares. 

It says whenever possible, current legal and regulatory texts shall remain applicable to situations involving ICT but nevertheless, have created new legal issues which require specific legal answers.



Share the News

Get Daily Newsletter

comments powered by Disqus

MORE GOVERNMENT NEWS

Nigeria launches MasterCard-branded National eID cards

The Nigerian Identity Management Commission (NIMC) has begun the issuance of 13 million MasterCard-branded National eID cards, with President Goodluck Jonathan the first to receive his card.   Read More

Minister warns about social media

A junior minister has advised Batswana to be very cautious of the now popular social media, saying it has become a scourge and harbinger of many criminal acts including terrorism.  Read More

Which African president has the best website?

The presidency of Togo, a tiny West African nation of six million people, has the best presidential website in Africa out of the 40 countries surveyed by Jeune Afrique magazine. Read More

Multimillion Kwacha traffic project questioned

Players in the transport system have questioned the  decision to settle for MOVESA and Fischer Consortium as the eligible bidder to upgrade Maltis. Read More

Statistics Botswana conducts ICT survey

Statistics Botswana (SB) has embarked on the first-ever nationwide Botswana Information & Communication Technology (ICT) survey, targeting 2,440 households.  Read More

Rwanda Online platform officially takes off

The Government of Rwanda and Rwanda Online Platform Limited have kicked off the first phase of the Rwanda Online platform, set to establish an integrated public service platform for Government to Business and Government to Citizen services.  Read More

Congo Brazzaville, Cameroon customs go hi-tech

Congo-Brazzaville and Cameroon have agreed to seek the help of ICTs to computerise their customs services. Read More

Candidates decry lack of internet in villages

Aspiring parliamentary candidates have decried lack of technology in the villages bordering the urban spaces and beyond.  Read More

COFEK supports Matiangi over impeachment calls

The Consumers Federation of Kenya (COFEK) has defended Ministry of ICT cabinet secretary Dr Fred Matiangi after the ICT Association of Kenya (ICTAK) called for him to be impeached. Read More

Congo-Brazzaville invests over US$200m in ICTs

Oil-rich Congo-Brazzaville has invested more than 100-billion FCFA (about US$204-million) in the past few years in the information and communication technologies (ICT) sector. Read More

PRESS OFFICES

Sage ERP AfricaSAP AfricaSage Pastel AccountingTrust PayVMWareSamsung ElectronicsMitsumi DistributionPhoenix DistributionSage HR AfricaMTN BusinessSchneider ElectricMultichoice

FEATURED STORY

Safaricom-Equity battle for mobile banking hots up Safaricom-Equity battle for mobile banking hots up

Equity bank's entry to the mobile banking and telephony industry is still hanging in the balance with London-based global association of mobile operators (GSMA) calling for independent audit. 

IN DEPTH

Kenya rolls out e-extension to improve agricultureKenya rolls out e-extension to improve agriculture

In a bid to curb the overwhelmed number of agricultural extension officers in Kenya, the ministry of agriculture is embracing technology with their introduction of E-Extension services, which are aimed at reaching out to over 7 million farmers annually.